Posts Tagged ‘Isaac Asimov’

Astounding front cover(Astounding, by Tim Nevala-Lee. New York, Dey St., 2018, $28.99, 532 pp.)

reviewed by Zeke Teflon

While the subtitle mentions Heinlein, Hubbard, and Asimov along with John W. Campbell, this is primarily a biography of Campbell centering on his activities as editor of Astounding Science Fiction (later Analog), the largest-circulation and most influential science fiction magazine in the 1940s through the 1960s; the book has a special focus on Campbell’s relationships with the authors he published, his influence on their work, and on the authors’ relationships with each other.

The level of detail in this exceedingly well documented 500-plus-page book is, well, astounding, and the amount of work Nevala-Lee did to produce it must have been equally astounding. The dust jacket copy notes that the author drew on “unexplored archives, thousands of unpublished letters, and dozens of interviews.” It shows.

This is not, however, a dry academic history. Nevala-Lee does a fine job of bringing to life the decidedly oddball quartet listed in the subtitle, along with their wives and girlfriends (some of whom did much uncredited work) and many other sci-fi authors of the time. Nevala-Lee has not, however, produced a hagiography: the portraits of all of these figures are nuanced, bringing out both their attractive and unattractive traits. The attractive traits include. in all but Hubbard, dedication to work and writing, the authors’ and Campbell’s mutual support, and in Campbell’s case a messianic belief in the transformative power of science fiction. The unattractive traits include spousal abuse and pathological lying (Hubbard), right-wing authoritarian politics (Hubbard, Campbell, and Heinlein) and denunciations of associates to the FBI as “communists” (Hubbard). (For a good dissection of Heinlein’s most authoritarian work, see Michael Moorcock’s famous takedown of Starship Troopers, “Starship Stormtroopers.”) Even Asimov, who comes off as by far the most sympathetic of the quartet, had a serious flaw: engaging in serial sexual harassment.

For those interested in cults, there’s also a great deal of material on Hubbard’s and Campbell’s formulation of dianetics — basically a rehashing of Alfred Korzybski’s tedious and trivial “general semantics” concepts along with (though they wouldn’t have known the term) abreaction therapy (which can be quite dangerous), all with a “cybernetics” overlay — and their subsequent falling out prior to Hubbard’s coming up with the term Scientology, founding of that “church,” and installation of himself as that money-making machine’s glorious leader.

This brief summation only scratches the surface, and anyone interested in science fiction and its history should have a great time delving into this well researched, well written book.

Highly recommended.

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Zeke Teflon is the author of Free Radicals: A Novel of Utopia and Dystopia (pdf sample here). He’s currently working on the sequel, a nonfiction book on the seamier sides of Christianity, two compilations, and an unrelated sci-fi novel.

Free Radicals, by Zeke Teflon front cover


“[W]hen you have trouble with the beginning of the story, that is because you are starting in the wrong place, and almost certainly too soon. Pick out a later place in the story and try again.”

–John W. Campbell, giving advice to a young Isaac Asimov, quoted in Astounding, by Alec Nevala-Lee


Dying Inside, by Robert Silverberg, cover

by Zeke Teflon

A few weeks ago I reviewed The Book of Silverberg: Stories in Honor of Robert Silverberg, Gardner Dozois and William Schafer, eds., a collection of short stories by well known science fiction authors using Silverberg’s novels and short stories as take-off points. I stopped reading Silverberg decades ago, but The Book of Silverberg made me wonder if I had missed something.

Shortly after Silverberg’s Lord Valentine’s Castle (1980) came out, I read it and didn’t enjoy it. It was well written, and the characters well drawn, but it was more fantasy (medievalism)  than science fiction, fairly slow paced, and the primary interest was in what another reviewer called its “travelogue” nature.

Ten or fifteen years later, I read Silverberg’s novelization (1990) of Isaac Asimov’s classic short story, Nightfall (1941), regarding a planet in a multiple-sun system on which night falls only once every thousand years. It’s a wonderful short story with a great premise–and is often cited as the best science fiction short story ever written–though how that premise plays out seems highly unlikely. (To describe the consequences of night falling would involve major spoilers. If you haven’t read the short story, it’s well worth reading.) This is  acceptable in a short story with such a great set-up, but Silverberg’s novelization doesn’t add anything to Asimov’s short story, just draws it out, and quickly grows tedious. It’s a near-perfect embodiment of Ambrose Bierce’s definition of a novel: “a short story, padded.” So, after Nightfall I gave up on Silverberg.

However, after reading The Book of Silverberg last month, I went to one of the local used bookstores and picked up a copy of Dying Inside (1972–recommended in The Book of Silverberg as Silverberg’s best novel) and one of Silverberg’s more recent books, The Alien Years

I read Dying Inside first. It concerns David Selig, a mind-reader who is slowly losing his powers, which he’s putting to questionable and mostly unprofitable uses, and which are more a curse than a blessing to him. First and foremost, Dying Inside is a masterful character study. Within a few pages, you become uncomfortably well acquainted with the pathetic central character. You then find yourself following Selig’s downward spiral with mounting pity and horror. In part, this is due to Silverberg’s writing style: his use of close first-person and close third-person narration, which put you inside the point-of-view character’s (Selig’s) head. (It’s a testament to Silverberg’s writing skills that most readers would never notice where he slips from first person to third person.)

Dying Inside is also a wonderful exercise in descriptive prose. The setting for most of the book is the late 1960s, and Silverberg describes that decade’s counterculture vividly and accurately; among other things, he provides the best description of an LSD trip I’ve ever read. He also makes extensive use of New York Jewish characters and culture, and the world and people he describes are comparable (minus the humor) to those used to such good effect in the works of Philip Roth and Woody Allen.

In sum, Dying Inside is a masterpiece of description and character development. It’s depressing, but it’s a masterpiece nonetheless.

Robert Silverberg's The Alien YearsThen I turned to The Alien Years (1998), which concerns occupation of Earth by telepathic aliens. For the first hundred pages or so, it seemed as if it was written by a different author. It’s verbose (488 pages versus Dying Inside‘s 200 pages), there are so many characters it’s difficult to follow who they are, and that problem is aggravated by having several of the characters in this multi-generational novel have the same first name, Anson. Still another problem is that there are seemingly interminable passages about the relationships of characters you (well, at least I) simply don’t care about–members of the central, multi-generational Carmichael family. Two of the secondary characters are, however, quite well drawn:  Borgmann, the loathsome, turncoat computer hacker who aids the aliens, and Khalid, the Muslim mystic, who Silverberg portrays sympathetically.

Other strong points of The Alien Years include several descriptive passages, notably Silverberg’s descriptions of the misery of daily life in a small town in alien-occupied England, and his drawn out, suspenseful description of a bombing.

The Alien Years was written a few years after the fall of the Soviet Union, and it’s apparent that the aliens in the book are analogous to the Communists. (They even force their human subjects to build concrete walls dividing cities.) However, once having established this analogy, Silverberg does nothing with it. The aliens’ psychology and purposes remain entirely opaque throughout the book. This in large part is why The Alien Years is so unsatisfying. It also underscores Silverberg’s lack of insight about Communism. If you have nothing enlightening to say about a subject, why take nearly 500 pages to say it? Why say it at all?

There are several good descriptive passages and a few well drawn secondary characters in The Alien Years, but there aren’t enough of them to make this bloated novel worth your time.

I won’t be reading any more of Silverberg’s novels, but at least I can recommend Dying Inside. If you like powerful character studies, you’ll probably enjoy it. And even if you’re not a Silverberg fan, you’ll probably enjoy The Book of Silverberg, too.

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Zeke Teflon is the  author of Free Radicals: A Novel of Utopia and Dystopia.

Free Radicals front cover