Posts Tagged ‘World War II’


Dominion, by C.J. Sansom(Dominion, by C.J Samson. New York: Mulholland, 2014, 629 pp., $28.00)

reviewed by Zeke Teflon


Move over Harry Turtledove, there’s a new contender for best alternate-history novelist.

C.J. Sansom’s massive Dominion looks at what might have happened (as Samson thinks would have happened, as he mentions in his “Historical Note”) if Churchill had not become British prime minister in May 1940, the appeasement faction of the Conservative Party had remained in power, and had made peace with Germany during or immediately following the fall of France. In broad terms, that would likely have meant (as it does in the novel) that Britain would have been dominated by Germany, its foreign policy allied with Germany’s, that the British government would have become increasingly authoritarian, to the point of stealing elections, spying on its citizens, and violently suppressing dissent, and that it would have engaged in increasingly odious anti-semitism.

Against this background, Samson’s protagonist, career civil servant David Fitzgerald, is recruited and begins spying for the resistance. Sansom does a fine job of showing how the need for secrecy and the constant fear of detection erode both Fitzgerald’s sense of well-being and his personal relationships. Things grow even tenser when an old college friend, Frank, a geologist, learns atomic secrets from his physicist drunken lout of a brother who’s working on neutral America’s atomic bomb project. The rest of the novel concerns the resistance’s attempts to get Frank out of the country and Special Branch’s efforts, directed by the Gestapo, to seize Frank and torture the information out of him.

Throughout, Dominion is almost flawless. Sansom really did his homework for this one, and it shows. His descriptions of 1940s and 1950s Britain seem note perfect, as do his descriptions of the workings of a resistance cell (modeled on the French resistance during WWII). The dialogue is crisp and natural sounding. (Normal speech is a sprawling mess. The trick with dialogue is to make it sound natural without its being natural.) And all of the characters, both male and female, are believable–often all too believable. They range from a brilliant German Gestapo agent, who commits barbaric acts without enjoying them, because he believes they’re necessary, to a working class Scottish communist who clings to a rosy picture of Stalin’s Russia, despite all evidence to the contrary, to an aging, rapidly declining but still heroic Winston Churchill.

The plot unfolds with an awful inevitability. If the old bit of writing advice, put your characters through absolute hell, is correct–and it usually is–Sansom succeeds brilliantly. You end up caring about his characters, and often end up saying to yourself, sometimes 50 or 100 pages before events unfold, “Please don’t let that happen!”

I only found three weak points in the entire book. One is minor: while I was reading the very short portion on radio surveillance, I found myself going, “No, that’s not right. This guy is keeping this short and general to gloss over his ignorance of the subject. Even his generalizations are off.” But most readers would never notice this. (Years and years ago, I worked as a “broadcast engineer”–that is, a technician–at radio and TV stations; broadcast engineers are only a bit more engineerlike than workers doing another job I held ages ago: “sanitation engineer.”) It turned out that I was right about this. In his notes following the conclusion of the text, Sansom says that he’s almost entirely ignorant about radio, and thanks an expert for advice on the subject. Evidently, it was bad advice.

The second problem is more serious. While searching Frank’s house prior to its being searched by Special Branch and the Gestapo, David and two other members of his resistance cell pull a boner that no reasonably security conscious person would likely pull, let alone three security conscious people. That boner turns out to be crucial, though I doubt that it would bother other readers as much as it bothered me.

Finally, and most crucially, the turning point of the novel–Frank’s brief conversation with his drunken brother–seems dubious. It’s hard to buy that a low- or mid-ranking physicist could give crucial information to a nonphysicist in a drunken rant only lasting a minute or two. But grant this premise, and everything else falls into place.  Beautifully.

Dominion is tense and gripping from first page to last. It could well be the best alternate-history novel I’ve ever read.

Highly recommended.

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Reviewer Zeke Teflon is the author of Free Radicals: A Novel of Utopia and Dystopia.

Free Radicals front cover


Cover of Lucky Strike, by Kim Stanley Robinson

(Lucky Strike, by Kim Stanley Robinson. Oakland: PM Press, 2009, 122 pp., $12.00)

reviewed by Zeke Teflon


Science fiction readers who have problems with Kim Stanley Robinson’s novels should give his novella, Lucky Strike, a try. It’s part of PM Press’s “Outspoken Authors” series, and shows just how fine a writer Robinson can be.

Lucky Strike is an alternative history novella concerning the atomic bombing of Japan at the end of World War II. In the novella, it’s not the B-29 Enola Gay, but the B-29 Lucky Strike, that drops the first atomic bomb on Japan. The central character is the plane’s doubt-wracked bombardier, Captain Frank January.  And the central question is what does January do after he succumbs to peer pressure and agrees to fly the mission to bomb Hiroshima.

From there, the tension builds relentlessly as the Lucky Strike takes off and draws nearer and nearer to its target. What will January do, and what will be the results of his actions? What will be the consequences for him and for society if he just follows orders? What will be the consequences if he disobeys orders and follows his conscience?

What fleshes out the story is Robinson’s characterization of January. Very quickly, you feel that you know him; and through their actions and dialogue you also quickly come to feel that you know January’s flight mates and the army brass. The detailed physical description of  January’s B-29 also adds considerably to the you-are-there feel of the story. It’s quite evident that Robinson carefully researched the background for Lucky Strike.

There’s not a wasted word in this fine tale.

Following its conclusion, there’s an addendum, “A Sensitive Dependence on Initial Conditions,” that requires careful reading. In it, Robinson explores the questions of individual choices/actions  in determining historical outcomes, and whether history is convergent or divergent (whether individual choices and actions will lead to the same general result, or whether they can lead to radically different results), citing different choices January could have made. In this addendum, Robinson demolishes historical determinism, in light of  scientific modeling approaches (“strong covering” and “weak covering”), chaos theory, and quantum mechanics (for once, cited appropriately — no new age absurdities here).

The book concludes with a lengthy interview with Robinson conducted by fellow sci-fi author Terry Bisson, which covers ground ranging from Phillip K. Dick, to science fiction as a genre, to Robinson’s writing style and his other works.

Very highly recommended.

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Zeke Teflon is the author of Free Radicals: A Novel of Utopia and Dystopia (pdf sample here). He’s currently working on the sequel and on an unrelated sci-fi novel.

Free Radicals front cover